The causative agents are microbes from the CI group. perfringens type C (CI. paludis) and D. (CI. ovitoxicus). Infection of animals occurs through infected feed and water. In case of Clomiphene of the integrity of the mucous membrane, secretory and motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract, clostridia begin to multiply rapidly and produce toxins that penetrate the blood and lymph and cause pathological processes, especially in the liver, kidneys and central nervous system. Then, due to the general intoxication of the body, the disease progresses rapidly and ends with the death of the animal.
The corpse is often swollen, rigor mortis is weakly expressed, postmortem decomposition develops very quickly. A frothy, sometimes bloody fluid is released from the anus, oral and nasal cavities. On hairless places of Clomid pills, dark red spots with a purple tint are visible. The hair in the area of the buttocks and tail is stained with liquid feces.
Infectious enterotoxemia is predominantly hyperacute and acute, but there may be a subacute and less chronic course. Distinguish between convulsive (with hyperacute course) and coma (with acute course) forms of the disease.
In the subcutaneous and intermuscular tissue, gelatinous serous or serous-hemorrhagic infiltrates are found. Superficial lymph nodes are slightly swollen and reddened. The abdominal, pleural and pericardial cavities contain a serous or serous-hemorrhagic effusion, sometimes with an admixture of fibrin flakes.